When you have one positive confirmation per 4.5 tests done, you have much higher chance of having run-away cases. In comparison to US who has some 1.5% of population infected and one confirmed positive per 12 tests, you could draw some conclusions. Like: If we say that real number of infected in US is twice as big as reported, then chances are that Qatar has ~4 times as many infected than reported. And even 4% is rather big number which could overwhelm hospitals as no country had respirators ready for bad cases. I think that even Korea which has like best medical system would have trouble if 4% got sick. And then, even people on respirators die a lot. Yes, while Qatar is rich, their population above 65 is rather small. But then they have disproportionately more men than women in population who tend to have higher mortality rate. I am pretty sure, that gold coating lungs is not going to save anyone. money and available medical technology is not question here. Drastic difference in official outcomes are. For example, US would need 11% of its population infected without any new deaths to reach same death rate. (And that's without adjustment for testing or estimation errors for unidentified cases.) Luxembourg for example did enough tests to test 2/3rds of their population. And they confirmed 1% of their population as infected. Which could hint situation in other European countries that took similar protective measures at same time. UAE did enough tests to confirm 1/2 of their population upon some point in time. And they have 0.6% infection in population. Bahrain did similar per capita testing as UAE and found 2.6% of population infected. When I look on number of tests per capita and number of positive results per capita, Qatar is between Oman and Brazil. There are very few countries in world who did fewer tests per infected person. But I found them: Bolivia, Ecuador, Honduras. You can make guess on what kind of accuracy that level of testing provides. And that their actual infection through population will be much bigger. (Which makes official death rate even smaller.) It does not sound right when even Korea has 2% death rate and they are really advanced, and kept things quite under control.